Where broadcast bait is not appropriate, such as areas where livestock or other domestic animals may consume bait spread on the ground, bait stations may be used.
NOTE: Not all ants will recruit well to bait stations. It is advised that a test is done before purchasing large quantities of stations.
It is NOT recommended for bait stations to be used as a substitute for general broadcast baiting as they are costly, need to be positioned closely to one another in order to achieve the best bait distribution and take a lot of time to fill and check.
Most bait stations can be used with granular, liquid or paste / gel baits. See treatment options for use of bait stations with the application appropriate for your needs.
Ground bait stations
Ground bait stations consist of a ground spike, which is driven into the ground, a reservoir which is filled with bait and a lid.
Outdoors spacing stations 5-10 m apart is recommended.
The bait stations can be refilled as necessary.
Bait stations should be placed where ants are likely to forage, preferably sheltered from the sun and rain. Although the lids protect the bait from light showers, heavy rain will get in to the stations.
Always wear gloves when handling pesticides.
Bait placed in a sheltered, shaded area (© Allan Burne, Pacific Biosecurity)
Typical ground bait station showing the three component parts: lid, base for holding bait, and a spike for inserting into the ground (© Monica Gruber, Pacific Biosecurity)
The spike inserted into the ground (left). The bait is placed in the base and the lid attached. The lid and base clip into the spike (© Monica Gruber, Pacific Biosecurity)
Elevated bait stations
Elevated bait station filled with granular bait and attached to a coconut palm (© Brett Rawnsley, Flybusters Antiants Consulting)
Elevated stations are mounted on trees, fence posts or other structures above the ground.
The stations shown here are only suitable for granular or paste bait when there is no likelihood of rain.
These bait stations are wooden cones that are usually used for serving food.
They are an inexpensive alternative to purpose built bait stations and can easily be refilled.
The stations are stapled or pinned in place.
It is recommended that where small children or animals are present, the bait stations are placed at least 1.5 m above the ground to prevent tampering.
Spacing stations approximately 10 m apart is recommended, but this depends on the treatment product.
Burne, Barbieri, Gruber. 2015-2019. Management Plan Atafu, Tokelau. Pacific Biosecurity Management Plan
Flybusters Antiants Consulting 2015. Yellow Crazy ant treatment Atafu, Tokelau. Report for Pacific Biosecurity
content reviewed by Viv van Dyk, FBA Consulting, July 2017