Distribution database sources

The distribution information in the database is current as of December 2017. While we did our best to make sure these distribution records were as accurate as possible, inaccuracies may exist. If you consider information on the database to be incorrect, or know of new incursions that have not been documented here, please contact us.

All links to PDFs that are 2 MB or larger in size have been labelled.

Personal communications

We are grateful to the following experts who provided information on ant distributions.

Chris Clerc, Project Manager, Wet Tropics Management Authority, chris.clerc@wtma.qld.gov.au

Bonnie Dietrich, Entomologist, Hawaii Department of Agriculture, Bonnie.S.Dietrich@hawaii.gov

Antoine Felden, PhD Candidate, Victoria University of Wellington, Antoine.Felden@vuw.ac.nz

Viliami Hakaumotu, Tonga Invasive Species Coordinator, MLECCNR, viliamihakau@gmail.com

Ben Hoffmann, Principal Research Scientist, Land and Water Flagship, CSIRO, ben.hoffmann@csiro.au

Paul Krushelnycky, Assistant Researcher, Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, University of Hawaii, paulk@hawaii.edu

Matio Lonalona, Quarantine officer, MNRL Tuvalu, matiolnln@gmail.com

Jean-Yves Meyer, Senior Researcher, Department of Research, Government of French Polynesia, jean-yves.meyer@recherche.gov.pf

Ross Miller, Professor, Entomology Faculty, University of Guam, rmiller@uguam.uog.edu

Christian Rabeling, Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, University of Rochester, christian.rabeling@rochester.edu

Eli Sarnat, Myrmecologist, University of California, Berkeley, e.sarnat@gmail.com

Mark Schmaedick, Entomologist, American Samoa Community College, markschmaedick@earthlink.net

Alexandra Sébastien, PhD, Victoria University of Wellington, Alexandra.Sebastien@vuw.ac.nz

Eiriki Sunamura, Researcher, Development Department, Sumitomo Chemical Co. Ltd, sunamurae@sc.sumitomo-chem.co.jp

Kazuki Tsuji, Professor, University of the Ryukyus, tsujik@agr.u-ryukyu.ac.jp

Maclean Vaqalo, Entomologist, SPC, MacleanV@spc.int

Websites

The letters in bold italics match up with the reference within the database.

The Ants of Africa. Available from: http://antsofafrica.org/ant_species_2012/new_records_ghana_alpha.htm. Accessed 13 June 2016

AntMapsa, Anoplolepis gracilipes. Available from: http://www.antmaps.org/?mode=species&species=Anoplolepis.gracilipes. Accessed 1 March 2017

AntMapsb, Linepithema humile. Available from: http://www.antmaps.org/?mode=species&species=Linepithema.humile. Accessed 2 March 2017

AntMapsc, Pheidole megacephala. Available from: http://www.antmaps.org/?mode=species&species=Pheidole.megacephala. Accessed 14 March 2017

AntMapsd, Solenopsis invicta. Available from: http://www.antmaps.org/?mode=species&species=Solenopsis.invicta. Accessed 3 April 2017

AntMapse, Wasmannia auropunctata. Available from: http://www.antmaps.org/?mode=species&species=Wasmannia.auropunctata. Accessed 3 April 2017

AntWeba, Anoplolepis gracilipes. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?genus=anoplolepis&species=gracilipes&rank=species&project=allantwebants. Accessed 19 January 2016

AntWebb, Lepisiota frauenfeldi. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?genus=lepisiota&species=frauenfeldi&rank=species&project=reunionants. Accessed 23 February 2016

AntWebc, Linepithema humile. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?genus=linepithema&name=humile&rank=species. Accessed 19 January 2016

AntWebd, Monomorium floricola. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?genus=monomorium&species=floricola&rank=species&project=allantwebants. Accessed 17 February 2016

AntWebe, Monomorium pharaonis. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?rank=species&genus=monomorium&name=pharaonis&project=worldants. Accessed 20 January 2016

AntWebf, Nylanderia fulva. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?name=fulva&genus=nylanderia&rank=species&project=galapagosislandsants. Accessed 23 February 2016

AntWebg, Paratrechina longicornis. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?genus=paratrechina&name=longicornis&rank=species. Accessed 20 January 2016

AntWebh, Pheidole megacephala. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?rank=species&genus=pheidole&name=megacephala. Accessed 21 January 2016

AntWebi, Solenopsis geminata. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?species=geminata&genus=solenopsis&rank=species&project=reunionants. Accessed 21 January 2016

AntWebj, Solenopsis invicta. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?rank=species&name=invicta&genus=solenopsis&project=null. Accessed 22 January 2016

AntWebk, Tapinoma melanocephalum. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?rank=species&name=melanocephalum&genus=tapinoma. Accessed 22 January 2016

AntWebl, Technomyrmex albipes. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?rank=species&genus=technomyrmex&name=albipes&project=. Accessed 26 January 2016

AntWebm, Technomyrmex difficilis. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?genus=technomyrmex&name=difficilis&rank=species. Accessed 26 January 2016

AntWebn, Technomyrmex vitiensis. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?name=vitiensis&genus=technomyrmex&rank=species&project=hawaiiants. Accessed 26 January 2016

AntWebo, Tetramorium bicarinatum. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?rank=species&name=bicarinatum&genus=tetramorium&project=reunionants. Accessed 27 January 2016

AntWebp, Tetramorium simillimum. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?rank=species&name=simillimum&genus=tetramorium&project=tokelauants. Accessed 27 January 2016

AntWebq, Trichomyrmex destructor. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?rank=species&genus=trichomyrmex&name=destructor. Accessed 27 January 2016

AntWebr, Wasmannia auropunctata. Available from: https://www.antweb.org/browse.do?genus=wasmannia&name=auropunctata&rank=species. Accessed 27 January 2016

AntWikia, Anoplolepis gracilipes. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Anoplolepis_gracilipes. Accessed 19 January 2016

AntWikib, Lepisiota frauenfeldi. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Lepisiota_frauenfeldi. Accessed 23 February 2016

AntWikic, Linepithema humile. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Linepithema_humile. Accessed 19 January 2016

AntWikid, Monomorium floricola. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Monomorium_floricola. Accessed 17 February 2016

AntWikie, Monomorium pharaonis. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Monomorium_pharaonis. Accessed 20 January 2016

AntWikif, Nylanderia fulva. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Nylanderia_fulva. Accessed 23 February 2016

AntWikig, Paratrechina longicornis. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Paratrechina_longicornis. Accessed 20 January 2016

AntWikih, Pheidole megacephala. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Pheidole_megacephala. Accessed 21 January 2016

AntWikii, Solenopsis geminata. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Solenopsis_geminata. Accessed 21 January 2016

AntWikij, Solenopsis invicta. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Solenopsis_invicta. Accessed 22 January 2016

AntWikik, Tapinoma melanocephalum. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Tapinoma_melanocephalum. Accessed 22 January 2016

AntWikil, Technomyrmex albipes. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Technomyrmex_albipes. Accessed 26 January 2016

AntWikim, Technomyrmex difficilis. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Technomyrmex_difficilis. Accessed 26 January 2016

AntWikin, Technomyrmex vitiensis. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Technomyrmex_vitiensis. Accessed 26 January 2016

AntWikio, Tetramorium bicarinatum. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Tetramorium_bicarinatum. Accessed 27 January 2016

AntWikip, Tetramorium simillimum. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Tetramorium_simillimum. Accessed 27 January 2016

AntWikiq, Trichomyrmex destructor. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Trichomyrmex_destructor. Accessed 27 January 2016

AntWikir Wasmannia auropunctata. Available from: http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Wasmannia_auropunctata. Accessed 27 January 2016

Cook Islands Biodiversity and Natural Heritagea, Anoplolepis gracilipes. Available from: http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/species.asp?id=9302. Accessed 28 January 2016

Cook Islands Biodiversity and Natural Heritageb, Paratrechina longicornis. Available from: http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/species.asp?id=7604. Accessed 28 January 2016

Cook Islands Biodiversity and Natural Heritagec, Pheidole megacephala. Available from: http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/species.asp?id=7630. Accessed 28 January 2016

Cook Islands Biodiversity and Natural Heritaged, Solenopsis geminata. Available from: http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/species.asp?id=7751. Accessed 28 January 2016

Cook Islands Biodiversity and Natural Heritagee, Tapinoma melanocephalum. Available from: http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/species.asp?id=9323. Accessed 28 January 2016

Cook Islands Biodiversity and Natural Heritagef, Technomyrmex albipes. Available from: http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/species.asp?id=9328. Accessed 28 January 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)a, Anoplolepis gracilipes. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1317433&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 19 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)b, Lepisiota frauenfeldi. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1320868&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed February 19 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)c, Linepithema humile. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1316908&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 19 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)d, Monomorium floricola. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1314699&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false&offset=0. Accessed February 17 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)e, Monomorium pharaonis. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1314773&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 20 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)f, Nylanderia fulva. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1325576&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed February 19 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)g, Paratrechina longicornis. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1325561&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 20 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)h, Pheidole megacephala. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1322635&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 21 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)i, Solenopsis geminata. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=5035187&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 21 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)j, Solenopsis invicta. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=5035230&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 22 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)k, Tapinoma melanocephalum. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1316805&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 22 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)l, Technomyrmex albipes. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1320126&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 26 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)m, Tetramorium bicarinatum. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1323402&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 27 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)n, Tetramorium simillimum. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1323414&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 27 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)o, Trichomyrmex destructor. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1314508&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 27 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)p, Wasmannia auropunctata. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=1315391&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed January 27 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)q, Technomyrmex difficilis. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=7834716&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed June 10 2016

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)r, Technomyrmex vitiensis. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?taxon_key=7664179&HAS_COORDINATE=true&HAS_GEOSPATIAL_ISSUE=false. Accessed June 14 2016

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)a, Anoplolepis gracilipes. Available from: http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=110. Accessed June 10 2016

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)b, Linepithema humile. Available from: http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=127. Accessed June 10 2016

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)c, Monomorium pharaonis. Available from: http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=961. Accessed June 10 2016

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)d, Paratrechina longicornis. Available from: http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=958. Accessed June 10 2016

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)e, Pheidole megacephala. Available from: http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=132. Accessed June 10 2016

Global Invasive Species Database(GISD)f, Solenopsis geminata. Available from: http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=169. Accessed June 10 2016

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)g, Technomyrmex albipes. Available from: http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1061. Accessed June 10 2016

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)h, Trichomyrmex destructor. Available from: http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=960. Accessed June 10 2016

Government of Western Australia, Department of Food and Agriculture. Available from: https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/biosecurity/browsing-ants?page=0%2C1. Accessed February 23 2016

Global register of introduced and invasive species (GRIIS)a, Anoplolepis gracilipes. Available from: http://www.griis.org/. Accessed June 13 2016

Global register of introduced and invasive species (GRIIS)b, Linepithema humile. Available from: http://www.griis.org/. Accessed June 13 2016

Global register of introduced and invasive species (GRIIS)c, Monomorium pharaonis. Available from: http://www.griis.org/. Accessed June 13 2016

Global register of introduced and invasive species (GRIIS)d, Pheidole megacephala. Available from: http://www.griis.org/. Accessed June 13 2016

Landcare Research. Available from: http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/animals/invertebrates/invasive-invertebrates/antsnz/ant-distribution-data/new-zealand/pheidole-megacephala. Accessed 28 January 2016

Journal articles / Reports

Abbott, Sarty, Lester. 2006. The ants of Tokelau. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 33: 157-164

Atherton, Jefferies. 2012. Rapid biodiversity assessment of upland Savai'I, Samoa (download 5.2 MB). SPREP

Atherton, McKenna, Wheatley. 2015. Rapid biodiversity assessment of the Vava'u archipelago, Kingdon of Tonga (download 10.7 MB). SPREP

Chong, Lee. 2009. Evaluation of liquid baits against field populations of the longlegged ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 102(4): 1586-1590

Clouse. 2007. The ants of Micronesia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Micronesica 39(2): 171-295

Collingwood, Van Harten. 2001. The ants (Hym., Formicidae) of Niue, south west Pacific. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 137: 139-143

Dejean, Moreau, Kenne, Leponce. 2008. The raiding success of Pheidole megacephala on other ants in both its native and introduced ranges. C.R. Biologies 331: 631-635

Delabie, Groc, Dejean. 2011. The tramp ant Technomyrmex vitiensis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dolichoderinae) on South America. Florida Entomologist 94(3): 688-689

Donisthrope. 1935. The ants of Christmas Island. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 15: 629-636

Eller, Fezza, Carvalho, Jang, Palmquist. 2015. Field test for repellency of cedarwood oil and cedrol to little fire ants. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 47: 71-77

Espadaler, Bernal. 2003. Exotic ants of the Canary Islands (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Vieraea 31: 1-7

Evenhuis, Eldrege, Arakaki, Oishi, Garcia, Haines. 2010. Terrestrial Arthropod Surveys on Pagan Island, Northern Marianas. Pacific Biological Survey, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Fasi 2009. Quantifying the dominance of little fire ant (Wasmannia auropunctata) and its effect on crops in the Solomon Islands. MSc Thesis, University of the South Pacific

Fisher, Beames, Rangers, Rangers, Majer, Heterick. 2014. Using ants to monitor changes within and surrounding the endangered monsoon vine thickets of the tropical Dampier Peninsula, north Western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 318: 78-90

Framenau, Thomas. 2008. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): identification and distribution. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25: 45-85

Gruber, Burne, Abbott, Pierce, Lester. 2012. Population decline but increased distribution of an invasive ant genotype on a Pacific atoll. Biological Invasions 15(3): 599-612

Gruber, Cooling, Burne. 2017. An invasive ant distribution database to support biosecurity risk analysis in the Pacific. Pacific Conservation Biology, http://www.publish.csiro.au/PC/PC17004

Heterick, Lythe, Smithyman. 2013. Urbanisation factors impacting on ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) biodiversity in the Perth metropolitan area, Western Australia: two case studies. Urban Ecosystems 16(2): 145-173

Hoffmann, Auina, Stanley. 2014. Targeted research to improve invasive species management: Yellow crazy ant Anoplolepis gracilipes in Samoa. PLoS ONE 9(4): e95301

Inoue, Sunamura, Suhr, Ito, Tatsuki, Goka. 2013. Recent range expansion of the Argentine ant in Japan. Diversity and Distributions 19: 29-37

Inoue, Saito-Morooka, Suzuki, Nomura, Hayasaka, Kishimoto, Sugimaru, Sugiyama, Goka. 2015. Ecological impacts on native ant and ground-dwelling animal communities through Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) management in Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology 50: 331-339

Krushelnycky. 2015. Ecology of some lesser-studied introduced ant species in Hawaiian forests. Journal of Insect Conservation 19: 659-667

Kumar, LeBrun, Stohlgren, Stabach, McDonald, Oi, LaPolla. 2015. Evidence of niche shift and global invasion potential of the tawny crazy ant, Nylanderia fulva (download 2 MB). Ecology and Evolution 5(20): 4628-4641

Ledoux, Allouche, Meyer, Putoa, Jourdan. 2006. An update of the ant fauna of Tahiti and Moorea (French Polynesia). IUSSI 2006 Congress (Poster)

McKenna, Butler, Wheatley. 2015. Rapid biodiversity assessment of Republic of Narau (download 4.6 MB). SPREP

Na, Lee. 2001. Identification key to common urban pest ants in Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine 18(1): 1-17

Pacheco, Vasconcelos. 2007. Invertebrate conservation in urban areas: ants in the Brazilian Cerrado. Landscape and Urban Planning. 81: 193-199

Peck, Banko. 2011. Survey of invasive ants at Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit HCSU-027

Peck, Banko. 2015. Ants of the national park of American Samoa. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit HCSU-061

Peck, Banko, Pendleton, Schmaedick, Ernsberger. 2014. Arthropods of Rose Atoll with special reference to ants and Pulvinaria urbicola scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae). Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit HCSU-057

Saurara, Vaqalo. 2015. Trip Report to Nauru (download 2 MB). Secretariat of the Pacific Community

Savage, Rudgers, Whitney. 2009. Elevated dominance of extrafloral nectary-bearing plants is associated with increased abundances of an invasive ant and reduced native at richness. Diversity and Distributions 15: 751-761 (List of ant species in supplementary material)

Taylor. 1967. Entomological survey of the Cook Islands and Niue. New Zealand Journal of Science 10(4): 1092-1095

Vanderwoude. 2007. Little fire ant (Wasmannia auropunctata) in Port Vila: report to Secretariat of the Pacific community on activities 5-14th October 2007, and recommendations for future management. Unpublished report to Secretariat of the Pacific Community

Vanderwoude. 2008. Operational plan for management of Wasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) in East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea. VCL New Zealand DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/19914

Vaqalo, Lonalona, Panapa, Khan. 2014. Yellow crazy ants and fruit fly surveys in Tuvalu: 25th October to 4th November 2014. Secretariat of the Pacific Community

Ward. 2007. The distribution and ecology of invasive ant species in the Pacific region. PhD Thesis, University of Auckland

Ward, Wetterer. 2006. Checklist of the ants of Fiji (Hymeoptera: Formicidae). In: Fiji arthropods III (Evenhuis, Bickel eds), pp 23-47 Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 85

Warner, Scheffrahn. 2004. Feeding preferences of white-footed ants, Technomyrmex albipes (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), to selected liquids. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Way, Bolton. 1997. Competition between ants for coconut palm nesting sites. Journal of Natural History. 31(3): 439-455

Wetterer. 2002. Ants of Tonga. Pacific Science 56(2): 125-135

Wetterer. 2005. Worldwide distribution and potential spread of the long-legged ant, Anoplolepis gracilipes (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 45(1): 1-21

Wetterer. 2008. Worldwide spread of the longhorn crazy ant, Paratrechina longicornis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 11:137-149

Wetterer. 2009a. Worldwide spread of the destroyer ant, Monomorium destructor (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 12: 97-108

Wetterer. 2009b. Worldwide spread of the ghost ant, Tapinoma melanocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 12: 23-33

Wetterer. 2009c. Worldwide spread of the penny ant, Tetramorium bicarinatum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 54(3): 1-20

Wetterer. 2010a. Worldwide spread of the flower ant, Monomorium floricola (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 13:19-27

Wetterer. 2010b. Worldwide spread of the pharaoh ant, Monomorium pharaonis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 13: 115-129

Wetterer. 2011. Worldwide spread of the tropical fire ant, Solenopsis geminata (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 14: 21-35

Wetterer. 2012. Worldwide spread of the African big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 17: 51-62

Wetterer. 2013a. Exotic spread of Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) beyond North America. Sociobiology 60(1): 50-55

Wetterer. 2013b. Worldwide spread of the little fire ant, Wasmannia auropunctata (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Terrestrial Arthropod Review 6: 173-184

Wetterer. 2013c. Worldwide spread of the difficult white-footed ant, Technomyrmex difficilis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 18: 93-97

Wetterer, Porter. 2003. The little fire ant, Wasmannia auropunctata: distribution, impact and control. Sociobiology 41(3): 1-41

Wetterer, Vargo. 2003. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Samoa. Pacific Science 57(4): 409-419

Wetterer, Espadaler, Wetterer, Cabral. 2004. Native and exotic ants of the Azores (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 44(1): 1-19

Wetterer, Wild, Suarez, Roura-Pascual, Espadaler. 2009. Worldwide spread of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 12: 187-194

Wetterer, Davis, Williamson. 2014. Boom and bust of the tawny crazy ant, Nylanderia fulva (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), on St. Croix, US Virgin Islands. Florida Entomologist 97(3): 1099-1103

Wilson, Taylor. 1967. The ants of Polynesia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pacific Insects Monograph 14: 1-109

Wylie, Jennings, McNaught, Oakey, Harris. 2016. Eradication of two incursions of the red imported fire ant in Queensland, Australia. Ecological Management & Restoration 17(1): 22-32

Yamane. 2013. A review of the ant fauna of the Krakatau Islands, Indonesia. Bulletin of the Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History 11:1-66

Zryanin. 2011. Analysis of the local ant fauna (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in southern Vietnam. Entomological Review 91(2): 198-211

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